When a human experiences allergics we typically deal with sneezing and itchy eyes and skin, dogs however show their allergies almost exclusively in the form of allergic dermatitis. Our Bedford vets will discuss allergic dermatitis in dogs, what the signs are and what you can do to help relieve their symptoms and treat this condition.
What is Allergic Dermatitis in Dogs?
One of the most common skin irritations that our vets in Bedford see in dogs and cats is allergic dermatitis. When a dog or cat has “hot spots”, or allergic dermatitis, also known as atopic (atopy) dermatitis there is damage to the skin barrier. This causes their skin to become inflamed, red, dry, bumpy, and itchy.
Atopic dermatitis is an itchy skin disease in dogs and cats. In this condition, an allergic reaction occurs when an animal inhales airborne substances (pollen, house dust) or ingests a substance they are sensitive to. The allergic reaction causes the animal to rub, lick, bite or scratch. Unlike humans, your dog or cat will not sneeze often but will itch.
Cats and dogs with atopic dermatitis are prone to secondary skin infections, ear infections, and yeast infections and may have sensitive skin.
Any skin infection or fleas will aggravate the allergic condition and may cause flare-ups in controlled cases. If this is to happen please contact your Fine Animal Hospital vets for a consultation.
The Typical Symptoms of Allergic Dermatitis in Dogs
- Rubbing their body on the ground or against furniture, for example.
- Licking themselves
- Chewing/ Biting themselves
- Scratch at their feet, flanks, ears, armpits, or groin, causing patchy or inconsistent hair loss and reddening and thickening of the skin.
- The skin itself may be dry and crusty or oily depending on the dog.
- Dogs may also rub their face on the carpet; ear flaps may become red and hot. Because the wax-producing glands of the ear overproduce as a response to the allergy, they get bacterial and yeast (Malassezia ) infections of the ear.
Treatment for Allergic Dermatitis in Dogs
Once your vet has diagnosed the cause of allergic dermatitis that your dog is experiencing, there are a few different options available for treatment.
Medication: Allergic (Atopic) dermatitis due to food reactions can be cured, but those due to airborne substances cannot but can be controlled with medication in most cases. Some types of steroids are used for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. They are very effective anti-inflammatory, anti-itch medications. Antifungal medications are also used to treat this because they help with yeast infections. Antihistamines are another medication used to treat allergic dermatitis just like they are used for humans.
Medicated Baths: Medicated shampoos have compounds in them that are aimed at soothing injured skin and calming inflammation
Flea Control: A flea control regime must be maintained for dogs or cats with this problem.
Supplements: The Omega-3 and Omega-6 essential fatty acid supplements work by improving the overall health of the skin. These fatty acids are a natural anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative agents.
Environmental Control: If you know what is causing your pet's allergic dermatitis, avoiding it altogether is best for your dog.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.